History

Flag of the Academy

General Jonas Žemaitis Academy graduate badge



Facts and figures
  • 25 January 1919: Officer Jonas Galvydis-Bykauskas was appointed the first Commandant of the Military School. The date is considered the official date of the establishment of the Military School.
  • 1929: At the celebration of its 10th anniversary, a battle flag was presented to the Military School and President of the Republic of Lithuania Antanas Smetona agreed to become its patron. Since then it was called the Military School of the First President of Lithuania.
  • 25 October 1932: The Military School of the First President of Lithuania published the first issue of the magazine “Kariūnas” (“Cadet”). Today it is a quarterly magazine with annual circulation of 1,000 copies.
  • By 1940 the Military School of the First President of Lithuania had trained 20 professional officers and 14 reserve officers. The year 1940, when the Soviet Union occupied Lithuania, saw the graduation of Class 21 and Class 22 of professional officers and Class 15 of reserve officers.
    • 16 June 1992: The Government of the Republic of Lithuania passed the Resolution on the Establishment of the National Defence Academy founding the National Defence School. This date is considered to be the official date of the establishment of the Military Academy of Lithuania.
    • 30 August 1992: The National Defence School was presented with a battle flag emblazoned with the embroidered golden slogan “Our Weapon, Our Education – For Our Motherland Lithuania”.
    • 18 January 1994: Following the decision of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania, the National Defence School was reorganized into the Military Academy of Lithuania, with its Statute approved on May 26.
    • 20 July 1994: Class 1 graduated from the Military Academy of Lithuania; 111 graduates were awarded the rank of lieutenant.
    • 1995: A pre-war tradition was revived at the Academy – when being awarded the first officer rank, the graduate is touched on the shoulder with a sword and the words “You shall not draw the sword without cause, nor shall you sheathe it without honour” are uttered. By the order of the Commandant of the Academy, since 2009 this precept has been the motto of the Military Academy of Lithuania.
    • Since 1 September 1995 the Military Academy of Lithuania has been offering 4 years Bachelor’s degree studies.
    • 20 November 1998: The Military Academy of Lithuania was named after the Partisan General Jonas Žemaitis.
    • Since 1 September 2000 the Military Academy of Lithuania has been accepting female applicants.
    • Since 2002 the Military Academy of Lithuanian has been offering full-time Master’s degree studies.
    • 2003: In accordance with the development programme of the Military Academy of Lithuania, military training and academic studies were separated.
    • 2003: An Officer (Leader) Education Programme was introduced at the Military Academy of Lithuania and integrated into the military education system.
    • Since the academic year 2007–2008, the Military Academy of Lithuania has been training aviation specialists and air force officers together with the Antanas Gustaitis Aviation Institute of Vilnius Gediminas Technical University.
    • Since the academic year 2011–2012, the Military Academy of Lithuania has been offering PhD studies in Political Sciences together with Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas University of Technology, and Klaipėda University. 2017 saw the first doctoral dissertation at the Lithuanian Military Academy and the award of the PhD degree.
    • Since the academic year 2012–2013, the Military Academy of Lithuania has been offering basic training for naval officer together with the Lithuanian Maritime Academy and the Lithuanian Navy.
    • June 2015 saw the graduation of Class 1 of non-commissioned officers in Bachelor’s degree studies.
    • 25 January 2019: The General Jonas Žemaitis Military Academy of Lithuania celebrated the 100th anniversary of its establishment.
    • 16 June 2022: the 30th anniversary of the establishment of the National Defense School. After Lithuania regained Independence, in 1992 June 16 the National Defense School was established, later reorganized into the Lithuanian Military Academy.

    Commandants
    Commandants
    of the Military School
    Commandants of the National Defence School
    and of the Military Academy

    Gen Jonas Galvydis-Bykauskas
    25 January 1919 – 31 December 1919
    1 January 1922 – 1 October 1926
     

    Col Pranas Tvaronas
    31 December 1919 – 31 December 1921
     

    Lt Col Pranas Kaunas
    1 October 1926 – 8 March 1928
     

    Col Petras Jurgaitis
    9 March 1928 – 30 June 1930
     

    Lt Gen Jonas Jackus
    1 July 1930 – 22 June 1934
     
     

    Brig Gen Jonas Černius
    23 June 1934 – 30 September 1934
     

    Lt Col Albinas Čepauskas
    (Acting Commandant)
    1 October 1934 – 31 October 1934
     

    Brig Gen Kazys Musteikis
    3 October 1934 – 3 December 1938
     

    Brig Gen Kazys Skučas
    4 December 1938 – 27 March 1939
     

    Brig Gen Jonas Juodišius
    28 March 1939 – 1940
     
     

    Col Algimantas Vaitkaitis
    (Acting Commandant)
    21 February 1992 – 28 August 1992
     

    Col Jonas Andriškevičius
    24 August 1992 – 25 October 1993
     

    Brig Gen Zenonas Kulys
    26 October 1993 – 21 February 2000
     

    Col Algis Vaičeliūnas
    22 February 2000 – 17 September 2003
     

    Col Algimantas Vyšniauskas
    (Acting Commandant)
    18 September 2003 – 31 July 2005
     

    Col Arūnas Balčiūnas
    1 August 2005 – 31 August 2008
     

    Brig Gen Edvardas Mažeikis
    1 September 2008 – 9 May 2010
     
     

    Col Gintaras Bagdonas
    10 May 2010 – 5 June 2012
     

    Col Eugenijus Vosylius
    6 June 2012 – 1 July 2015
     

    Col Raimundas Matulis
    3 August 2015 – 18 April 2017
     

    Brig Gen Algis Vaičeliūnas
    19 April 2017 – 22 November 2018
     

    Col Juozas Kačergius
    25 January 2019 – 2 Semptember 2022
     

    Brig Gen Almantas Leika
    02 September 2022